E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Research Article 


Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables

Afsaneh Ghasemi, Mina Bordbar, Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani, Mostafa Bijani, Fatemeh Izadi.

Abstract
Objective: Regarding the importance of smoking prevention, especially in high school boys, who include the majority of adolescents in the country, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between male students' health beliefs about smoking and demographic variables.
Methods: In this observational cross-sectional study, 250 high school male students in Fasa were randomly selected by cluster sampling. In order to collect information from the researcher-made questionnaire including demographic information and health belief model constructs were used. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data using SPSS 16.0 software.
Results: Behavioral indices, perceived barriers and self-efficacy were inversely related to age at a significance level of less than 0.01. The increased education level of mothers and fathers was directly related to the level of awareness of students and the increase in education of fathers was inversely related to their awareness. Except perceived barriers and self-efficacy, other indicators have shown significantly different results in different occupations of mothers. Perceived severity and perceived benefits differed significantly in fathers' occupations.
Conclusion: According to the results, with increasing age and subsequent increase in their awareness, the likelihood of tendency to smoke will decrease. Awareness should be provided in various ways, the most important of which is education by parents.

Key words: Health Belief Model, Behavioral Indicators, Parents, Adolescence, Demographic Variables.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. J Complement Med Res. 2020; 11(4): 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30


Web Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. http://www.jocmr.com/?mno=35977 [Access: February 27, 2021]. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. J Complement Med Res. 2020; 11(4): 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. J Complement Med Res. (2020), [cited February 27, 2021]; 11(4): 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30



Harvard Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi (2020) Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. J Complement Med Res, 11 (4), 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30



Turabian Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. 2020. Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 11 (4), 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30



Chicago Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. "Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 11 (2020), 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi. "Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 11.4 (2020), 234-239. Print. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Afsaneh Ghasemi , Mina Bordbar , Tahere Mokhlesabadifarahani , Mostafa Bijani , Fatemeh Izadi (2020) Investigating the Relationship Between Male Students' Health Belief Model about Smoking and Demographic Variables. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 11 (4), 234-239. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.04.30