E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Research Article 


The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment

Babak Behzadi, Somayeh Hesam, Shaghayegh Vahdat, Irvan Masoudi Asl, Ramin Afshari.

Abstract
Background: Nowadays, substance use has increased substantially. Substance has been a major social problem in Iran for many years. Addressing the substance use problem requires a thorough understanding of the dimensions and pattern of substance use. This study aimed to find a pattern of opium use, as the most frequently used opioid in Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire. After confirming the validity and reliability total number of 2018 patients participated in the study. Descriptive statistics including mean, median, and standard deviation were used for data analysis. In addition, SPSS 16 was used to analyze event and time-to-event data, and the hazard and survival functions (using cox regression).
Results: Our study results showed that of the 1788 (88.60%) participants who were using opium, as the main substance, with other substances, 87 were women and 1701 were men. Moreover, the Median age of opium use initiation among the total population (both genders) was 22 years. Thus, there was a statistically significant difference in the Median age of opium use initiation between men and women (p 0<0.05). The analysis of substance use by people born in different decades showed that the age of opium use initiation had a declining trend. In addition, there was a significant difference in the Median age of opium use initiation between the people born in different decades (p 0<.05).
Conclusion: Opioid prevention education at an early age, i.e. in adolescence and even in childhood is essential.

Key words: Methadone maintenance treatment; Opioids; Opium; Substance use treatment centers; Pattern of substance use


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Babak Behzadi
Articles by Somayeh Hesam
Articles by Shaghayegh Vahdat
Articles by Irvan Masoudi Asl
Articles by Ramin Afshari
on Google
on Google Scholar

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . J Complement Med Res. 2020; 11(4): 333-338.


Web Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . http://www.jocmr.com/?mno=55096 [Access: March 22, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . J Complement Med Res. 2020; 11(4): 333-338.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . J Complement Med Res. (2020), [cited March 22, 2021]; 11(4): 333-338.



Harvard Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari (2020) The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . J Complement Med Res, 11 (4), 333-338.



Turabian Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. 2020. The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 11 (4), 333-338.



Chicago Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. "The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment ." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 11 (2020), 333-338.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari. "The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment ." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 11.4 (2020), 333-338. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Babak Behzadi , Somayeh Hesam , Shaghayegh Vahdat , Irvan Masoudi Asl , Ramin Afshari (2020) The Pattern of Opium Use in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment . Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 11 (4), 333-338.