E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Original Research 


Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management

RAJU ROY, DR. UDAY SANKAR RAY.

Abstract
Background: Heat stress is a common problem, particularly in a tropical country like India. Ancient Hatha Yogic texts suggest that practice of Shitali and Sitkari pranayama (SSP) to give relief from thirst sensation and the feeling of coolness in the body. This motivates us to ask the following research question: Can a common person get benefit through these pranayamas in a hot and humid climate?
Objectives: To study the role of yoga breathing maneuvers i.e. Shitali and Sitkari pranayama practice (SSP) in the heat stress management.
Methods: During one hour heat exposure (HEx) at 402C, humidity 782%, and WBGT 37.50.3C, 20 healthy, young, yoga practitioners did SSP and again without SSP after 3 Weeks. Their bodyweight (Bw), skin temperature (Tsk), heart rate (HR), oral temperature (Tor) and thirst sensation were periodically monitored.
Results: The sweat loss, without SSP (320105.63 gm) was found to be significantly higher (p<0.05) than with SSP (240 82.08 gm). In case of the 1st set, the thirst sensation significantly reduced (p<0.05) from 29.3511.85 mm to 22.212.57 mm; whereas for the 2nd set, it significantly increased (p<0.05) from 21.25 9.52 mm to 34.25 13.22 mm. However, the other three parameters did not show any significant difference between the two sets but In HEx, Mean Tor and HR (45th and 60th minute) were relatively lower with SSP than without SSP.
Conclusion: SSP helps to combat heat stress by preserving body fluid and better control over the thirst sensation.

Key words: Shitali pranayama, Sitkari pranayama, heat stress, sweat loss, thirst sensation.


 
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Pubmed Style

RR, RAY DUS. Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. J Complement Med Res. 2021; 12(2): 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20


Web Style

RR, RAY DUS. Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. http://www.jocmr.com/?mno=3497 [Access: August 15, 2021]. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

RR, RAY DUS. Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. J Complement Med Res. 2021; 12(2): 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

RR, RAY DUS. Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. J Complement Med Res. (2021), [cited August 15, 2021]; 12(2): 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20



Harvard Style

, R. R. & RAY, . D. U. S. (2021) Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. J Complement Med Res, 12 (2), 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20



Turabian Style

, RAJU ROY, and DR. UDAY SANKAR RAY. 2021. Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 12 (2), 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20



Chicago Style

, RAJU ROY, and DR. UDAY SANKAR RAY. "Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 12 (2021), 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, RAJU ROY, and DR. UDAY SANKAR RAY. "Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 12.2 (2021), 182-188. Print. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, R. R. & RAY, . D. U. S. (2021) Effect of yoga breathing maneuvers (shitali and sitkari pranayama) On heat stress management. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 12 (2), 182-188. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.20